Thursday, 8 March 2012

Abdul Qavi Desnavi

 


Abdul Qavi Desnavi (Urdu: عبدالقوى دسنوى), November 1, 1930 - July 7, 2011) was an Indian eminent Writer, Critic, Bibliographist, Linguist and Scholar of Urdu language. He has authored more than 50 books on Urdu literature. His books also translated in other languages. His important work was about Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Mirza Ghalib, Allama Muhammad Iqbal and litterateurs of Bhopal. He was recipient of several awards . He received Senior Fellowship from the Union Ministry of Culture, Govt. of India. His great treatise was a voluminous book on one of India’s frontline freedom fighter and first Union Education Minister Maulana Abul Kalam Azad over 900 pages titled "Hayat-e-Abul Kalam Azad" which he penned in the year 2000. It was acclaimed nationally and internationally.
Biography
Desnavi was born on November 1, 1930 in village Desna of block Asthawan in Nalanda district Bihar. He was belonged to the family of Great Muslim scholar Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, who was one of the eminent historian and biographers of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, during his times. He was the 2nd son of late Prof. S.M. Saeed Raza, who was Professor of Urdu, Arabic and Persian languages in St. Xavier's College, Mumbai. His elder brother was Prof. Syed Mohi Raza and younger brother was Syed Abdul Wali Desnavi.
Many scholars,poets and teachers of today such as lyricist Javed Akhtar, Poet Mushtaq Singh, Prof. Muzaffar Hanfi, Selani Silwatte, Prof. Khalid Mehmood, Prof. Mohammed Naumaan Khan, Prof. Afaq Husain Siddiqui, Poet Iqbal Masood, Dr.Iqbal Masood Nadvi, Ahsam Uddin Farooqui, Khurshid Akhtar, Mohammed Naseem, Dr. Qamar Ali Shah, Prof. Yaqoob Yawar, Molana Sharafat Ali Nadvi, Prof. Arjumand Bano Afshan etc. were under his tutelage during their student days in Bhopal and are now sparkling in the Urdu world. Under his guidance many students attained PhD degrees.
Career
Desnavi had his primary education in Arrah town of Bihar state. After completing his Graduation & Post Graduation in First Division from St. Xavier's College, Mumbai, he joined Department of Urdu in Saifia Post Graduate College in February 1961. He became Professor and Head of the Urdu Department of Saifia P.G. College. He was well-known literary figure in India and in the Urdu world. He retired in 1990. He was also holding many honorary positions as,
           Additional Principal of Saifia Post Graduate College, Bhopal,(1983–1985).
           Secretary of Madhya Pradesh Urdu Academy, Bhopal, (1991–92).
           Elected Member Majlis E Aam Anjuman Taraqqui Urdu (Hind), New Delhi (1979–1984).
           Member of All India Anjuman Taraqui Urdu Board, New Delhi, (1977–1978).
           Member of Program Advisory Committee, All India Radio, Bhopal (1978–1979).
           Member Executive Council, Barkatullah University Bhopal, (1980–1982).
           Chairman of Board of Studies,Urdu, Persian & Arabic, Barkatullah University Bhopal, (1977– 1980) and (1984–1985).
           Dean Faculty of Arts, Barkatullah University Bhopal, (1980–1982).
           Member Working Committee, Taj-ul-Masajid, Bhopal (1997-2007)
Awards
           Shibli Award, Mumbai, 1957.
           Senior Fellowship, Ministry of Education & Culture, Government Of India for 4 Years, 1979-1983.
           Awarded Sanad “Imteyaz Meer” All India Meer Academy, Lucknow 1981.
           Nawab Siddique Hasan Khan Provincial Award, Bhopal 1986.
           Bihar Urdu Academy Award, for recognition of Urdu services (1988–89) and (1989–90)
           All India "Parvez Shahidi Award" West Bengal Urdu Academy, Calcutta 1998.
Books Authored
           Ek Aur Mashriqi Kutub Khana Publisher, Jamiat Tulba, Desna, 1954.


           Hasrat Ki Siyasi Zindagi Publisher, Jamiat Tulba, Desna, 1956.



           Aur Hindustan Jag Utha 1963.
           Allama Iqbal Bhopal Mein Publisher, Dept. of Urdu Saifia College,Bhopal, 1967.
           Mazameen Lisan-un-Sidque 1967.
           Bhopal Aur Ghalib Publisher, Dept. of Urdu Saifia College,Bhopal, 1969.
           Ghalibyat 1969.

           Nuskha-E-Bhopal Aur Nuskha-A-Bhopal Sani Publisher, Dept. of Urdu Saifia College,Bhopal, 1970.
         Qadir Nama-E—Ghalib 1971.
         Anis Numa 1973.
         Eik Shahar Panch Mushahir Publisher, Naseem Book Depot, 1973.

           Nazr e Sajjad (1974)
           Mutala Khutut Ghalib 1975, (Edition 2nd) 1979.
           Saat Tahriren Publisher, Naseem Book Depot, 1975.
           Hindustan Main Iqbaliat 1976.
           Talash o Taasur Publisher, Naseem Book Depot, 1977.
           Mehdi Hassan Afadi Publisher, Naseem Book Depot, 1977.
           Iqbal Uneesween Sadi Mein Publisher, Naseem Book Depot, 1977.
           Mirza Salaamat Ali Dabeer 1977.
           Bachon Ka Iqbal 1978.
           Iqbal Aur Dilli, Publisher Nai Awaz Jamia Nagar New Delhi, 1978.
          Makatib Abdul Haque Banam Mahvi 1980.
           Nazre Takhallus 1981.
           Mutalla e Ghubar e Khatir, Publisher Nai Awaz Jamia Nagar New Delhi,1981.
           Dhanpat Rai Nawab Rai Premchand1981.
           Iqbal Aur Darul Iqbal Bhopal Publisher, Naseem Book Depot,1983.
           Iqbaliat Ki Talash Makataba Jamia, 1984.
           Yadgar e Sulaiman 1984.

           Iqbaliat Ki Talash Publisher, Globe Publishers, Urdu Bazar Lahore, Pakistan 1985.
           Armoghan e Saifia, 1986.
           Abul Kalam Azad, Publisher Sahitya Akademi1987.
           Maulana Abul Kalam Mohiuddin Ahmad Azad Dehlavi 1988.
           Mahanama Lisan-un-Sidque 1988.
           Yadgar e Azad 1989.
           Mataihiyat 1989.
           Talash e Azad Publisher, Maharashtra Urdu Academy.
           Talash-i-Azad,Shaqsiyat,Khidmat,Chand Jhelkian Maktaba Jamia-New Delhi, 1990.
           Jawahar o Azad 1990.
           Ajnabi Shahar 1992.
           Fakhernama 1997.
           Urdu Shairi Ki Giyarah Awazain, Publisher, Nai Awaz Jamia Nagar New Delhi.
           Masreen wa Mutaliqat Azad, Publisher Nai Awaz Jamia Nagar New Delhi.
           Hayat Abul Kalam Azad, Publisher, Modern Publishing House New Delhi, 2000.
           Bombai Se Bhopal Tek 2004.
           Dur Dais Se 2005
           Mein Urdu Hoon 2006.

Books Translated in other Languages
           Abul Kalam Azad Hindi language Translated by Janki Prashad sharma, Publisher Sahitya Akademi(1987)
           Abul Kalam Azad Punjabi language Translated Inder Singh Raz Publisher Sahitya Akademi (1988)
           Abul Kalam Azad English language Translated Syeda Syedain Hamid Publisher Sahitya Akademi(1991)
           Abul Kalam Azad Maithili language Translated Fazlur Rehman Hashmi Publisher Sahitya Akademi Academy(1994)
 Awards on Books
           Sat Tahriren, Uttar Pradesh Urdu Academy Lucknow, 1975.
           Uneesween Sadi Mein Iqbal, Bihar Urdu Academy Patna, 1977.
           Motala-E-Khotoot Ghalib, Bihar Urdu Academy Patna, 1979.
           Motala-E-Ghobar-E-Khatir, Bihar Urdu Academy Patna, 1981.
           Iqbaliat Ki Talash, Bihar Urdu Academy Patna, 1984.
           Abul Kalam Azad Academy, Bihar Urdu Academy Patna, 1987.
           Yadgar e Suleman, Maghribi Bengal Urdu Academy Calcutta, 1984.
           Talash e Azad Uttar Pradesh Urdu Academy Lucknow, 1991.
           Talash e Azad Bihar Urdu Academy Patna, 1991.
           Talash e Azad West Bengal Urdu Academy Calcutta, 1993.
           Urdu Shairi Ki Gayarah Awazain Uttar Pradesh Urdu Academy Lucknow, 1993.
           Urdu Shairi Ki Gayarah Awazain Bihar Urdu Academy Patna, 1993.

Illness and Death
Prof. Desnavi died at about 5 am on 7 July 2011 in a private hospital where he was admitted following complaints of old age related diseases. He is survived by his wife, three sons and four daughters and a large number of relatives and literary friends to mourn his loss. He was buried to rest in Bada- Bagh graveyard in the evening after “Maghrib” prayers wherein a large number of literary personalities and elite of the town participated in his funeral procession.

4 comments:

  1. Very detailed informtion.
    Outstanding work.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thanks for providing this authentic pool of information .

    ReplyDelete
  3. it must updated regularly.Upload articles wrote by him or ebook version of Mr Abul Qavi's. It is good blog need to be handled by dedicated handler.

    ReplyDelete